During World War II the CIA experimented with THC extract as a truth serum. The goal was to get people they were interrogating to say things they wouldn’t normally and essentially spill the beans on nazi secrets or whatever. The CIA wasn’t the CIA yet: they were called the OSS but they were made up of the same people during the transition, so the name is irrelevant. But why am I telling you about the CIA’s different names? Weed & THC extract.

Right, so the CIA got a bunch of doctors together to test a bunch of drugs in 1942. They decided weed was the ticket since it didn’t make people trip too hard visually. Strong enough to pull information out of subjects in a vulnerable state, but not put them in psychosis. So when they were conducting these experiments, they reasoned that subjects should NOT be aware of getting drugged, and it was important to completely mask the smell and taste of the drug they were surreptitiously administering. To make weed odourless and tasteless, they devised a version of THC called THC O Acetate. They then would inject a tiny amount of it into a cigarette. Sneaky right?

THC extract Truth Drug

The extracted cannabinoids were a whole new form of THC that even today is extremely rare. But what is so special about THC O Acetate other than it being invisible? It’s 3 times more potent than normal THC extract. But that’s not all. Not only is it way stronger it apparently also has some more advanced psychedelic properties. What does that last thing mean you might ask? I don’t know. I have no clue because I haven’t tried it. I don’t know where to get it and to make the stuff requires sulphuric acid and a bunch of other highly caustic chemicals that makes a backyard BHO operation look like a sterilized operating room. If anyone knows where to get some of this, please let me know as I would like to try it.


So anyway, back to the CIA and their mind control experiment. I should mention that this particular study on weed as a truth serum was part of a much larger study called MK Ultra which some people may have heard of. It is a very very fascinating subject and I would suggest to all of you reading this to look it up after finishing this article. That’s like, just a side note and, like, not fully relevant but, like, super interesting.

Right, sooooo, the CIA’s attempt to use weed was at times fruitful in terms of getting people to divulge closely guarded secrets but unfortunately for the CIA, too many of their test subject could simply not handle their weed. Of course, people still tripped which in the end was the reason the whole approach was abandoned and weed made illegal. But before throwing in the towel, they tried weed A LOT and some results were actually pretty good. But most times the subject would get too high and start babbling about bullshit – making it difficult to differentiate between fact and fiction and/or fact and utter, stoner nonsense.

I am reminded of the beginning of the movie Pineapple Express – a scene no doubt directly inspired by these covert experiments – where a group of scientists give a GI a joint to smoke and instead of becoming how the top brass wanted – a person foisted into a robotic state of strict honesty – the stoned GI starts laughing, air drumming, shit-talking… completely making a mockery of the whole operation. In response to this display of ridiculous behaviour, the General overseeing the experiment has a look of disgust and simply says, “I’ve seen enough. Shut it down”.

Seriously, anyone out there that has a line on THC O Acetate, lemme know.


edible marijuana

One of the byproducts of cannabis legalization is regulation. This is obvious from the first experience you have with legal weed or edible marijuana products.

Whether you physically walked into a shop and pointed at jars or waited on a delivery notification, you noticed the packaging: numbers, percentages, milligrams, warnings, dosages, lab results, etc. While cellophane and Ziploc may be reliable transporters, customers giving their money to people with business licenses expect some information. This is especially true for edible marijuana discrepancy.

Packages will divide up the gummy square, cookie, sour belts, or whatever you’ve bought to show how many milligrams are in the entire treat, how much is in each individual piece and the recommended dose. Milligrams, as you may know, are a measure of how much cannabinoid product are in the medicated snack. Edibles are fickle though and a 25-milligram brownie might not “feel” the same as a 25 milligram gummy from another brand. Personally, I’ve compared brands where 50 milligrams of a higher quality product felt stronger than 120 milligrams of a less reputable company. Why is that?

Well, it’s hard to tell. It could be one company has a superior process or their testing is unreliable. It might not even be their fault. In 2015, The Oregonian spent three months investigating and testing the potency of popular edible brands at the time and found that over ninety percent of the brands they tested had been incorrectly labelled, most containing less THC than they claimed. The worst edible marijuana disclosure was a pizza that claimed to be around 300 milligrams but only tested at 50 milligrams with The Oregonian.

The publication also acknowledges in the same report that testing was inconsistent across labs at the time because of Oregon’s lack of regulation for testing processes. A few of the companies mentioned claim to have gotten results ranging hundreds of milligrams from different labs. One even said a lab asked him how much they “should be” while dropping off the sample. The lack of early regulation in full legalization could be why Oregon now has the strictest edible limits among recreational states. You can’t recreationally buy an edible with a total of more than fifty milligrams. This New York Times case study later the same year showed only 17% of products tested throughout the West Coast were accurate. While most states have regulatory boards in 2019 or are developing them, this still raises questions about how much you should trust the labels on your edibles. Am I wasting my money on something that won’t get me high, or worse, too stoned?

DOSING edible marijuana products responsibly.

To begin understanding edibles and how to dose them, you need to understand the science behind them. What’s actually going on in your body between biting a brownie and the effects an hour later? Any type of marijuana product you ingest via food or drink is edible and it reacts differently than smoked or vaped cannabis. It’s not a completely different process, just a more severe one. How you consume weed determines how severe your high could potentially be.

When you inhale cannabis, by whatever means, the body obviously absorbs THC through the lungs, where it funnels it through the heart to the brain and you feel high in minutes. Edibles, as you probably know, are processed through the stomach and eventually the liver and this causes the standard THC molecules we’re all familiar with to change.

Specifically, they become 11-hydroxy-THC, which does not naturally exist in the cannabis plant but is formed within the human body after ingestion of THC. The amount of 11-hydroxy-THC formed in your body can vary wildly depending on whether you take cannabis as an edible (high) or smoke it (low). It’s a higher percentage when you eat cannabis because your stomach and liver are able to metabolize more of the compound.

People say that 11-hydroxy-THC has a more potent psychoactive effect but this is only anecdotal and there’s not much science to back this up. The claim that 11-hydroxy-THC is 10 times stronger than THC is not correct. 11-hydroxy-THC seems to be more potent, but both molecules can probably get you just as high with a large enough dose. It is likely that the high you get from edibles is due to a mix of both 11-hydroxy-THC and THC. The qualitative aspects are up to you as a consumer to decide.

What does this mean for you?

Well, the compounds unpredictability mixed with sometimes unreliable packaging means you really don’t know how much you’re consuming,  but edible marijuana discrepancy is so important. Established brands like Cheeba Chew and Kushy Punch tend to be more reliable from anecdotal and scientific perspectives—Cheeba was the only company with correct labelling in The Oregonian report—but that doesn’t help if you’ve been given homemade edibles from a friend or are trying new brands. The only certain way to know how an edible will affect your body is to take it. Slowly of course, but you really don’t know how it will affect you until you make that leap.

The clichés might be endless but they’re necessary. “Don’t take too much”, “start slow”, “you can eat more” are the sort of mantras that hang around the entire process of taking an edible and that’s because the reality of a bad trip is always lingering in the background. As always, the safest way to consume them is at home, in a safe environment with time to spare/recover if it’s too much. Start slow, drink water, and, remember, if it gets bad it will get better.

Come back next week for more featured weed knowledge.


Ambient music is a genre defined by slow layered tones and atmospheric harmonies converging to create an enveloping auditory environment.


This list incorporates both works that are outside and within the conventional bounds of the genre, a sampling of music to be listened to in various states of alert relaxation. Where traditional music can be compared to the construction of an object in space, ambient musicians interact with space itself. Ambient music camouflages itself into the pre-existing noise of modern life. You might find yourself wondering whether the source of a certain sonic element originates from your speaker or your refrigerator.


Music For Airports [Album] 1978

This track recorded by one of ambient music’s pioneers is Brian Eno. The album, Music For Airports was created to address the boring, yet stressful atmosphere endemic to modern public spaces. A lingering piano piece that promotes inward reflection. It was briefly aired at LaGuardia Airport In the 1980s but travellers complained that it was too depressing…


The Caretaker’s An Empty Bliss Beyond this World [Album] 2011

A slightly more comical take on the genre: An Empty Bliss Beyond This World by The Caretaker. The album, dubbed “existential jazz” is full of muffled, static-laden 1930’s Ballroom Pop instrumentation. He uses nostalgia, bordering on cliché to create a culturally charged narrative space, transporting the listener to cavernous, nostalgic “rooms.” Skip to Libet’s Delay at 10:35 for a sort of waltzy trumpet melody accompanied by delayed piano riffs, while the next song “I Feel As If I Might Be Vanishing” has a short, ethereal voice with lush, blissful chords.


Sven Grünberg’s Hingus [Album] 1981

Sven Grünberg’s Hingus is the sound of early 1980’s Estonian outer space. This album is not especially calming, but it is futuristic.


F.G. Experimental Laboratory – Journey Into a Dream [Album] 1975

If Hingus is what outer space sounds like, then F.G. Experimental Laboratory’s Journey Into A Dream is the sound of a parallel universe.


Aphex Twin – Rhubarb 1994

Aphex Twin is the Cornish polymath, Richard D. James. He is irreverent, supernaturally prolific, and disarmingly elusive. Rhubarb composed by Aphex Twin makes use of analog synthesizers to create richly textured landscapes. The track’s intimacy, hypnotic melody, and sensitive arrangement make it one of ambient’s true icons.


Monolake – Cinemascope [Album] 2001

Monolake is an electronic duo from Germany. In addition to their musical projects, they are responsible for conceiving the innovative music production software Ableton. The album Cinemascope is an effective mix of droning electronics and the rhythmic qualities of dub. Indigo, released in 2001 should also make the cut.


Boards of Canada – Music Is Math 2002

Boards of Canada, another electronic duo are privately Scottish and extremely discreet in their public image. Music Is Math features squishy yet crunchy basement beats accompanied by warm, anthemic synths. They never fail to deliver nostalgic sentiments without being too melancholic, always looking forward with a hint of optimism. Sounds from the past and the future combined, also check out Amo Bishop Roden, and 1998.


Ravi Shankar Live in Birmingham 1997

Ravi Shankar was an incredibly talented raga composer. Raga, a genre in itself, is specific to the time of day a piece is meant to be listened to. There are performances intended for early morning, afternoon, evening and midnight. All of which have a different pace and aura.


Gas – Pop [Album] 2000

Gas Is a musical project by German electronic musician Wolfgang Voigt. It is purportedly inspired by his LSD experiences in a forest near his hometown. Every track is highly compressed with each sound blending into one another, which creates a heady, atmospheric inflection.


Susumu Yokota – Acid Mt. Fuji [Album] 1994

Susumu Yokota was a highly prolific Japanese electronic musician producing over thirty albums between 1993 and 2012, probing the worlds of acid techno, trance, ambient and dub techno. The album Sakura is a deeply calming work. Each song travels into its own separate narrative. Although not specifically ambient, Acid Mt. Fuji is an astonishing chronicle of an otherworldly voyage, a trip that deserves an enthusiastic mention.


Check out more music reviews in our Featured section like Rolling Loud 2018, Sounds Of Japan, and 90’s Golden Era Hip Hop.


Marijuana enthusiasts the world over have been fighting lazy, misinformed stoner stereotypes since, well, the world realized we were smoking it. From the 1930’s cult classic Reefer Madness portraying marijuana smokers as violent rapists who eventually succumb to insanity (a tad unreasonable), to more recently, this fucking guy, stoner portrayal in popular media always has the same wildly predictable stereotype…

For decades, anybody who smoked weed in movies, TV shows or any outlet of popular culture has been a nauseating blend of stupid, lazy and/or hungry. Despite the overwhelming volume of people we know smoke weed in the 21st century, the depiction of people who consume cannabis products in media has remained a goofy combination of Cheech and Chong, Seth Rogan and the creepy loner from the turn of the century teen movies. It’s a tired trope, but a trope we have all become accustomed to.

Until legalization, of course.

As of me writing this featured post, recreational use of marijuana is now legal in the beautiful northern landscapes of Canada, the states of California, Alaska, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, Maine, Massachusetts, the District of Columbia, Portugal, Uruguay, and largely decriminalized or tolerated in a host of other countries across the globe.

Along with legalization has come an almost unprecedented boon in commerce. Spending in North America alone has reached $9.7 billion in 2017, with projections having total market spending at $47.3 billion just 10 years from now. For God sake, Coca-Cola has been eyeing a beverage deal in order to join the gold rush, and none of this is even accounting for the inevitable rise of the global marketplace.

Most importantly, we got Elon Musk – Elon fucking Musk – the father of Tesla and billionaire CEO of a space exploration company, SMOKING A BAT on live video, and that dude is taking over Mars, Matt Damon style.

So you would think, in 2018, with billions of dollars of commerce, widespread legalization and a general acknowledgment that marijuana is no longer a “gateway drug” destined for the outer reaches of societal acceptance, that we’d be done with the lazy stoner stereotype. Apparently not!

Enter the Alberta Motor Association, taking us all the way back with their new impaired driving campaign. You would almost think it’s a joke until you realize it’s not. 

For starters, that looks pretty fucking chill; I’m not going to lie. If you’re going to post up on a library table and dive right into a nap, I’m not going to hate on that either. That’s a boss move. We get it.

But look past the impressively laid-back gentlemen in the photo and you find a hilariously stupid stereotype. Who does that?? Not even when you’re high – who does that, period? It’s 2018, I can’t even listen to one song all the way through. I’ve got like a million songs on my phone, and I refuse to listen to ANY of them to the end. No one has the attention span for that shit.


Look, do I love my dog? Yes. Do I talk to my dog? 100%. But assuming that everyone who smokes a joint, experiences some sort of Dr. Dolittle-like hallucination is ridiculous.

Secretly, I wish that were the case! I would smoke even more weed if it meant I got to kick back with a carafe of Merlot and derive a transcendental proof for human consciousness with my pup, but sadly that’s just not how marijuana works.

One can only wish.

The paranoid stoner stereotype, along with that tin foil hat, needs to end up in a goddamn time machine. ASAP. Again, it’s 2018. We voluntarily share our most personal information on half the web pages on the Internet, I don’t know how concerned we should still be about mind-controlling radio waves.

Okay, this dude seems like he’s having a good time. Are we trying to bring the perception of marijuana into the 21st century? Yes. But I’m not the fucking fun police. Go get it, buddy.

As you can see, I saved the most heinous transgression for last.

“Classic hungry stoner stereotype,” you say. “What’s so bad about that?” you ask. It’s the implication, my friend. It’s the implication that I won’t walk into your pancake restaurant right now – dead-ass sober – and eat that entire stack of pancakes. I will not only test the limits of all-you-can-eat but the physical limits of human consumption. Sober. I will go full Keyzer Soze on every pancake house in the beautiful province of Alberta, just to prove a point. I’m the whole fucking reason IHOP switched to burgers.

Oh, and the whole hungry-stoner-will-eat-anything trope is lazy. Tired, overplayed, and lazy.

In all seriousness, awareness campaigns like this shouldn’t exist anymore. The Alberta Motor Association also did a series of videos and other promotional materials that were fine, but the fact that this can get approved in 2018 is crazy to me. Luckily, there are organizations out there investing time and capital in order to change these lazy stereotypes that have been around for decades. Just recently, MedMen invested over $2 million in a campaign to help ditch the exact stoner clichés we’ve discussed throughout this article. The sooner people realize that doctors, lawyers, teachers, politicians, their neighbor and a large portion of the community they live in enjoy the many benefits of marijuana, the sooner we’ll be able to leave these irrelevant clichés in the past. Because you know who smokes weed? People. Regular fucking people.

Here’s to hoping everyone else comes to the same realization.
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